Congestive Heart Failure – A Complete Overview

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Keep Your Heart Healthy

Congestive heart failure takes place when the heart muscles are unable to pump blood to the extent which they should. This happens when certain arteries in the heart become narrow or due to high blood pressure gradually the heart muscles become weak. 

According to the best heart hospitals in Delhi and surrounding areas, not every condition which leads to congestive heart failure can be reversed. However, the longevity of the patient can be ensured with proper treatment and lifestyle changes such as weight loss and property diet.

Symptoms Of Heart Falier

Following are the symptoms of congestive heart failure – 

  • Swelling of abdomen
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Reduced ability to exercise
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat
  • Lack of appetite and nausea
  • Swelling in ankles, legs, and feet
  • Increased need to urinate at night
  • Reduced concentration and alertness
  • Weight gain resulting from fluid retention
  • Persistent cough or wheezing with white or pink-tinged phlegm

Causes

According to the best heart hospitals in Delhi, any of the following conditions may damage or weaken the heart and lead to heart failure – 

  • Coronary artery disease – this is the most common form of heart disease which results owing to the buildup of fatty deposits in the arteries. This leads to the reduction of blood flow and leads to a heart attack
  • Cardiomyopathy – Better known as heart muscle damage is caused due to several reasons, such as alcohol abuse, drugs, several diseases and infections, and genetic factors
  • Congenital heart defects – Many individuals are born with a condition wherein the heart and its chambers have not been formed properly. As a result, the heart has to work harder than usual to pump blood throughout the body which can eventually lead to heart failure
  • Faulty heart valves – The valves of the heart are responsible for making the blood flow in a proper direction. If the valves are damaged, then it can lead to a heart defect, coronary artery disease, or heart infection which make the heart muscles weak
  • Hypertension – Hypertension leads to increased blood pressure which in turn causes the heart to pump blood faster than usual. Over time, this weakens the muscles of the heart
  • Myocarditis – It is the inflammation of the heart muscle usually caused by a virus and leads to left-sided heart failure
  • Arrhythmias – This refers to abnormal heart rhythms which cause the heart to beat faster or slower than usual

Prevention

One of the best ways to keep the possibility of heart failure at bay is by making the below-mentioned lifestyle changes – 

  • Exercising
  • No smoking
  • Managing stress
  • Eating a balanced diet
  • Reducing and maintaining a healthy weight
  • Controlling blood pressure, stress, and diabetes

Treatment

Congestive heart failure is a condition which requires lifelong attention. With proper treatment, patients have gone on to lead very healthy lives. In most of the cases, doctors correct the underlying cause which is leading to heart failure which in most cases happens to be a combination of medications and devices which aid the heart in beating properly. 

Medications

• ACE Inhibitors – Also known as Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme inhibitors help in widening the blood vessels to increase the flow of blood and lower blood pressure

• Diuretics – These are also known as water pills and prevent fluid buildup in the body by making the patient urinate more

Devices and Surgery

  • Biventricular Pacemaker – Such a pacemaker sends electrical pulses to the lower chambers of the heart so that they pump in a more synchronised manner
  • Ventricular Assist Devices – Also known as VADs, it is a mechanical circulatory support device which helps in pumping blood from the lower chambers of the heart to the rest of the body 
  • Heart Transplant – Some patients have such a weakened heart that medications are no longer able to help. In such a case, the diseased heart has to be removed and a new one implanted in its place, a process which is known as a heart transplant

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